Type

Journal Article

Authors

Daniel Boduszek
Gary Adamson
Mark Shevlin
Philip Hyland

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
therapy protective factors law enforcement rational emergency service multiple regression analysis negative impact post traumatic stress disorder

The moderating role of rational beliefs in the relationship between irrational beliefs and posttraumatic stress symptomology (2014)

Abstract Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) assumes that rational beliefs act as cognitive protective factors against the development of psychopathology; however little empirical evidence exists regarding the nature of the possible protective effects that they offer. Aims: The current study investigates whether rational beliefs moderate the impact of irrational beliefs on posttraumatic stress symptomology (PTS). Method: Three hundred and thirteen active law enforcement, military, and related emergency service personnel took part in the current study. Sequential moderated multiple regression analysis was employed to investigate: (i) the direct impact of irrational beliefs on PTS; (ii) the direct impact of rational beliefs on PTS; (iii) the moderating effects of rational beliefs in the relationship between irrational beliefs and PTS. Results: The irrational beliefs predicted by REBT theory emerged as critical predictors of PTS symptomology, in particular Depreciation beliefs. Rational beliefs (Preferences, and Acceptance beliefs) had a direct, negative impact on levels of PTS, and Acceptance beliefs moderated the impact of Catastrophizing beliefs on PTS. Conclusions: Irrational beliefs are important cognitive vulnerability factors in symptoms of PTS, while rational beliefs (Acceptance) appear to have a protective role in the emergence of PTS symptoms, both directly and by moderating the impact of Catastrophizing beliefs.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published

Full list of authors on original publication

Daniel Boduszek, Gary Adamson, Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland

Experts in our system

1
Daniel Boduszek
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 72
 
2
Gary Adamson
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 17
 
3
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
4
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231