Type

Journal Article

Authors

Mark Shevlin
Philip Hyland
Ask Elklit
Siobhán Murphy

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
treatment psychology prospective study sexual abuse attachment theory post traumatic stress disorder posttraumatic stress disorder female

Insecure attachment orientations and posttraumatic stress in a female treatment-seeking sample of survivors of childhood sexual abuse: A cross-lagged panel study (2016)

Abstract Adult attachment theory is increasingly being conceptualized within a traumatic framework, however, few studies have examined temporal relationships between the insecure attachment orientations (attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance) and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS). PTS refers to symptoms associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the absence of a clinical diagnosis of PTSD. This prospective study assesses the temporal relations between the 2 attachment dimensions of anxiety and avoidance and PTS among a treatment-seeking sample of female survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Cross-lagged panel analysis was employed to assess the temporal relations between insecure attachment orientations and PTS using the Revised Adult Attachment Scale (RAAS) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ). Initial assessment was on average 23 years after the onset of abuse (N = 405), and participants were followed-up after 6 months (N = 245) and 12 months (N = 119). PTS levels and insecure attachment declined over the 12-month period. Cross lagged panel analyses indicated that over the longer-term course of PTS, insecure attachment orientations are significantly related to PTS. While these associations were relatively weak in magnitude, temporal relations nevertheless remain. Specifically attachment avoidance appears to be the more relevant orientation in PTS across the 3 time points in the study. Current results provide insight into the temporal relations between insecure attachment orientations and symptoms of PTS. The findings are discussed in terms of the existing trauma literature.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published

Full list of authors on original publication

Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Ask Elklit, Siobhán Murphy

Experts in our system

1
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
3
Ask Elklit
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
4
Siobhán Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 15