Type

Journal Article

Authors

Marylène Cloitre
Mogens Nygaard Christoffersen
Ask Elklit
Eoin McElroy
Frédérique Vallières
Mark Shevlin
Jamie Murphy
Philip Hyland

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
sexual abuse world health organization psychology international classification post traumatic stress disorder social research childhood trauma national centre logistic regression dose response relationship

Variation in post-traumatic response: the role of trauma type in predicting ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD symptoms (2017)

Abstract Purpose The World Health Organization’s 11th revision to the International Classification of Diseases manual (ICD-11) will differentiate between two stress-related disorders: PTSD and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). ICD-11 proposals suggest that trauma exposure which is prolonged and/or repeated, or consists of multiple forms, that also occurs under circumstances where escape from the trauma is difficult or impossible (e.g., childhood abuse) will confer greater risk for CPTSD as compared to PTSD. The primary objective of the current study was to provide an empirical assessment of this proposal. Methods A stratified, random probability sample of a Danish birth cohort (aged 24) was interviewed by the Danish National Centre for Social Research (N = 2980) in 2008–2009. Data from this interview were used to generate an ICD-11 symptom-based classification of PTSD and CPTSD. Results The majority of the sample (87.1%) experienced at least one of eight traumatic events spanning childhood and early adulthood. There was some indication that being female increased the risk for both PTSD and CPTSD classification. Multinomial logistic regression results found that childhood sexual abuse (OR = 4.98) and unemployment status (OR = 4.20) significantly increased risk of CPTSD classification as compared to PTSD. A dose–response relationship was observed between exposure to multiple forms of childhood interpersonal trauma and risk of CPTSD classification, as compared to PTSD. Conclusions Results provide empirical support for the ICD-11 proposals that childhood interpersonal traumatic exposure increases risk of CPTSD symptom development.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology)
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Open Access DRIVERset
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology)

Full list of authors on original publication

Marylène Cloitre, Mogens Nygaard Christoffersen, Ask Elklit, Eoin McElroy, Frédérique Vallières, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland

Experts in our system

1
Marylène Cloitre
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 38
 
2
Mogens Nygaard Christoffersen
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 13
 
3
Ask Elklit
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
4
Eoin McElroy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 10
 
5
Frédérique Vallières
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
6
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
7
Jamie Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 43
 
8
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231