Type

Journal Article

Authors

Philip Hyland
Gary Adamson
Mark Shevlin
Daniel Boduszek

Subjects

Economics

Topics
propensity score social and public welfare hv social pathology empirical research propensity score matching selection bias psychology model analysis

Eysenck's Personality Model and Criminal Thinking Style within a Violent and Nonviolent Offender Sample: Application of Propensity Score Analysis (2013)

Abstract Previous studies within criminal population have indicated a significant relationship between personality traits and criminal thinking style. However, none of the empirical research has adequately addressed selection bias in cross sectional data investigating criminal thinking style. The current study investigates the impact of personality traits (Eysenck's model) on criminal thinking style using propensity score matching methodology. The research is based on 133 violent and 179 nonviolent male recidivistic prisoners incarcerated in high-security prison. A post-matching multiple regression model explained 49% of variance in the criminal thinking style indicating five significant predictors: psychoticism, extraversion, neuroticism, associations with criminal friends, and criminal identity. Our results suggest for the first time that personality traits predict the ways of thinking that are characteristic of persistent criminals and that individual differences in these psychological traits can have profound effects on an individual who operates within an environment dominated by criminal others. Further implications in relation to theory and previous studies are discussed.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published

Full list of authors on original publication

Philip Hyland, Gary Adamson, Mark Shevlin, Daniel Boduszek

Experts in our system

1
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
2
Gary Adamson
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 17
 
3
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
4
Daniel Boduszek
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 72