Type

Journal Article

Authors

F. Kee
Brian A. Lawlor
Joanna E. McHugh Power

Subjects

Philosophy

Topics
older adults cohort study social support psychology cognition structural equation modelling welfare of older people cognitive function

Social support mediates the relationships between extraversion, neuroticism, and cognitive function in older adults (2017)

Abstract Objectives We supplement existing findings on a link between social support and cognitive function in later life by considering the role of personality as an antecedent to both, and of social support as a mediator of the link between personality and cognitive function. Study design An observational cohort study. Methods We evaluated social support using the Lubben Social Network Scale, across 624 adults aged over 60 years, and investigated this measure as a mediator of the relationships between extraversion and neuroticism at baseline 2007–2009, and cognitive function at follow-up, 2 years later. A half-longitudinal mediation design, within a structural equation modelling framework, was used. Results There was a direct effect of extraversion, such that lower levels were related to higher scores of cognitive function. There was no significant direct effect of neuroticism on cognitive function at follow-up. Social support partially mediated the paths between both extraversion and neuroticism and cognitive function at follow-up. Decomposing the mediation effects by using social support subscales (measuring support from friends, relatives and neighbours) showed meaningful indirect effects for both predictors. Conclusion Results suggest that social support may offer a target for interventions for cognitively at-risk older adults and add to the existing empirical evidence describing the link between personality and cognitive function.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognition

Full list of authors on original publication

F. Kee, Brian A. Lawlor, Joanna E. McHugh Power

Experts in our system

1
Frank Kee
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 25
 
2
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
3
Joanna E. McHugh Power
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 32