Type

Journal Article

Authors

Brian A. Lawlor
Joanna E. McHugh

Subjects

Sociology

Topics
older adults mental wellbeing social support community social networks psychology welfare of older people structures

Social support differentially moderates the impact of neuroticism and extraversion on mental wellbeing among community-dwelling older adults (2012)

Abstract Background Personality affects psychological wellbeing, and social support networks may mediate this effect. This may be particularly pertinent in later life, when social structures change significantly, and can lead to a decline in psychological wellbeing. Aim To examine, in an older population, whether the relationships between neuroticism and extraversion and mental wellbeing are moderated by available social support networks. Method We gathered information from 536 community-dwelling older adults, regarding personality, social support networks, depressive symptomatology, anxiety and perceived stress, as well as controlling for age and gender. Results Neuroticism and extraversion interacted with social support networks to determine psychological wellbeing (depression, stress and anxiety). High scores on the social support networks measure appear to be protective against the deleterious effects of high scores on the neuroticism scale on psychological wellbeing. Meanwhile, individuals high in extraversion appear to require large social support networks in order to maintain psychological wellbeing. Conclusion Large familial and friendship social support networks are associated with good psychological wellbeing. To optimise psychological wellbeing in older adults, improving social support networks may be differentially effective for different personality types.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published

Full list of authors on original publication

Brian A. Lawlor, Joanna E. McHugh

Experts in our system

1
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Joanna E. McHugh
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 36