Type

Journal Article

Authors

Frédérique Vallières
Daniel Boduszek
Phil Maguire
Gary Treacy
Robert Fox
Philip Hyland

Subjects

Philosophy

Topics
call scale psychology cognition validity attitudes confirmatory factor analysis psychometric properties gold practice theory

Assessing the Factorial Validity of the Attitudes and Belief Scale 2-Abbreviated Version: A Call for the Development a Gold Standard Method of Measuring Rational and Irrational Beliefs (2017)

Abstract Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) does not possess a measure of rational and irrational beliefs that meets internationally recognised standards for acceptable psychometric properties. Without such a measure the theory/practice of REBT cannot be rigorously evaluated, thus undermining its scientific veracity. The current study investigates the validity and reliability of a recently developed measure of rational and irrational beliefs: the Attitudes and Belief Scale 2-Abbreviated Version (ABS-2-AV). University students from three countries completed the ABS-2-AV (N = 397). An alternative models framework using confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a theoretically consistent eight-factor model of the ABS-2-AV provided the best fit of the data. A number of post hoc modifications were required in order to achieve acceptable model fit results, and these modifications revealed important methodological limitations with the ABS-2-AV. Results indicated that the validity of the ABS-2-AV was undermined due to items measuring both the psychological process of interest (rational and irrational beliefs) and the context in which these beliefs processes are presented. This is a serious methodological limitation of the ABS-2 and all questionnaires derived from it, including the ABS-2-AV. This methodological limitation resulted in the ABS-2-AV possessing poor internal reliability. These limitations are discussed in relation to the broader REBT literature and the impact such problems have on research and practice. A call is made for REBT researchers to come together to develop a “gold standard” method of assessing rational and irrational beliefs that meets international standard for psychometric excellence.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Open Access DRIVERset
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognition
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Computer Science
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognition

Full list of authors on original publication

Frédérique Vallières, Daniel Boduszek, Phil Maguire, Gary Treacy, Robert Fox, Philip Hyland

Experts in our system

1
Frédérique Vallières
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
2
Daniel Boduszek
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 72
 
3
Gary Treacy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
4
Robert Fox
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 5
 
5
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231