Journal Article


Edward G. O’Riordan
Stephen J Jerrams
John D McNamara
Bernadette Earley
Edward G. O'Riordan



seasons natural products male hoof and claw housing animal floors and floorcoverings housing beef red meat animal husbandry animal welfare foam structure live weight treatment outcome rubber mat cattle diseases concrete slat carcass composition prevention control welfare cattle weight gain animals

Effect of concrete slats, three mat types and out-wintering pads on performance and welfare of finishing beef steers (2017)

Abstract Background The objective was to investigate the effect of placing mats on concrete slatted floors on performance, behaviour, hoof condition, dirt scores, physiological and immunological variables of beef steers, and to compare responses with animals on out-wintering pads. Continental crossbred beef steers [n = 360; mean (±SD) initial live weight 539 kg (42.2)] were blocked by breed and live weight and randomly assigned to one of five treatments; (1) Concrete slats alone, (2) Mat 1 (Natural Rubber structure) (Durapak Rubber Products), (3) Mat 2 (Natural rubber structure) (EasyFix), (4) Mat 3 (modified ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) foam structure) and (5) Out-wintering pads (OWP’s). Results Animals on the OWPs had a greater (P < 0.05) live weight gain (P < 0.05) compared with the slat and Mat 2 treatments: results for Mat 1 and Mat 3 were the same (P > 0.05) as the other treatments. Animals on the OWPs had reduced lying percentage time compared with all the other treatments. Dry matter (DM) intake was greater for animals on the OWPs compared with all the other treatments. Carcass weight, kill out proportion, carcass fat score, carcass composition score, FCR and physiological responses were similar (P > 0.05) among treatments. No incidence of laminitis was observed among treatments. The number of hoof lesions was greater on all mat types (P < 0.05) compared with concrete slats and OWP treatments. Dirt scores were greater (P < 0.05) for animals on OWPs when measured on days 42, 84, 105, 126 and 150 compared with animals on slats. Conclusions Under the conditions adopted for the present study, there was no evidence to suggest that animals housed on bare concrete slats were disadvantaged in respect of animal welfare compared with animals housed on other floor types. It is concluded that the welfare of steers was not adversely affected by slats compared with different mat types or OWPs.
Collections Ireland -> Teagasc -> Animal & Bioscience
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Teagasc publications in Biomed Central

Full list of authors on original publication

Edward G. O’Riordan, Stephen J Jerrams, John D McNamara, Bernadette Earley, Edward G. O'Riordan

Experts in our system

Edward G. O’Riordan
Total Publications: 3
Bernadette Earley
Total Publications: 120
Edward G. O'Riordan
Total Publications: 30