Type

Journal Article

Authors

Patrick John Prendergast
Daniel Kelly

Subjects

Engineering

Topics
finite element model fundamentals of tissue engineering young s modulus predictive models mechanical properties material properties mesenchymal stem cells osteochondral defect repair

Prediction of optimal mechanical properties for a scaffold used in osteochondral defect repair (2006)

Abstract The optimal mechanical properties of a scaffold to promote cartilage generation in osteochondral defects in vivo are not known. During normal daily activities cartilage is subjected to large cyclic loads that not only facilitate nutrient transport and waste removal through the dense tissue but also act as a stimulus to the chondrocytes. In contrast, cartilage tissue is commonly engineered in vitro in a static culture and hence, in many cases, the properties of scaffolds have been tailored to suit this in vitro environment. In this study, a mechano-regulation algorithm for tissue differentiation has been used to determine the influence scaffold material properties on chondrogenesis in a finite element model of an osteochondral defect. It is predicted that increasing the stiffness of the scaffold increases the amount of cartilage formation and reduces the amount of fibrous tissue formation in the defect, but this only holds true up to a certain threshold stiffness above which the amount of cartilage formed is reduced. Reducing the permeability of the scaffold was also predicted to be beneficial. Considering a nonhomogenous scaffold, an optimal design was determined by parametrically varying the mechanical properties of the scaffold through its depth. The Young?s modulus reduced non-linearly from the superficial region through the depth of the scaffold, while the permeability of the scaffold was lowest in the superficial region. As tissue engineering moves from a science towards a product, engineering design becomes more relevant, and predictive models such as that presented here can provide a scientific basis for design choices.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Patrick John Prendergast, Daniel Kelly

Experts in our system

1
Patrick John Prendergast
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 59
 
2
Daniel Kelly
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 168