Type

Journal Article

Authors

D.A Kenny
Patrick Lonergan
D Johnston
A.M Engish
Seán Fair
C.J Byrne
A.M English

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
holstein friesian dairy breeds jersey pre weaning systemic feed efficiency dairy growth rate concentrate feeding milk feeding behaviour plane of nutrition

Effect of milk replacer and concentrate intake on growth rate, feeding behaviour and systemic metabolite concentrations of pre-weaned bull calves of two dairy breeds (2017)

Abstract The full text of this article will not be available on ULIR until the embargo expires on the 20/8/2017 Early-life nutrition affects calf development and thus subsequent performance. The aim of this study was to examine the effect plane of nutrition on growth, feeding behaviour and systemic metabolite concentrations of artificially reared dairy bull calves. Holstein-Friesian (F; n=42) and Jersey (J; n=25) bull calves with a mean±SD age (14±4.7 v. 27±7.2 days) and BW (47±5.5 v. 33±4.7 kg) were offered a high, medium or low plane of nutrition for 8 weeks using an electronic feeding system which recorded a range of feed-related events. Calves were weighed weekly and plasma samples were collected via jugular venipuncture on weeks 1, 4 and 7 relative to the start of the trial period. The calves offered a high plane of nutrition had the greatest growth rate. However, the increased consumption of milk replacer led to a reduction in feed efficiency. Holstein-Friesian calves offered a low plane of nutrition had the greatest number of daily unrewarded visits to the feeder (P<0.001). β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) concentrations were greater in F calves on a low plane of nutrition (P<0.001). Although there was no effect of plane of nutrition, BHB concentrations in F calves increased before weaning, concomitant with an increase in concentrate consumption. Urea concentrations were unaffected by plane of nutrition within either breed. Jersey calves on a low plane of nutrition tended to have lower triglycerides than those on a high plane (P=0.08), but greater than those on a medium plane (P=0.08). Holstein-Friesian calves offered a high plane of nutrition tended to have greater triglyceride concentrations than those on a medium plane (P=0.08). Triglycerides increased from the start to the end of the feeding period (P<0.05), across both breeds. A medium plane of nutrition resulted in a growth, feeding behaviour and metabolic response comparable with a high plane of nutrition in pre-weaned bull calves of both F and J breeds.
Collections Ireland -> University of Limerick -> Biological Sciences
Ireland -> University of Limerick -> Faculty of Science and Engineering
Ireland -> University of Limerick -> Departments Science and Engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

D.A Kenny, Patrick Lonergan, D Johnston, A.M Engish, Seán Fair, C.J Byrne, A.M English

Experts in our system

1
D.A. Kenny
Teagasc
Total Publications: 138
 
2
P. Lonergan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 190
 
3
Dayle Johnston
Teagasc
Total Publications: 8
 
4
Seán Fair
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 54
 
5
C J Byrne
Teagasc
Total Publications: 11
 
6
A M English
Teagasc
Total Publications: 11