Type

Journal Article

Authors

Daniel Kelly

Subjects

Biochemistry

Topics
gene expression primary cilium cell line next generation medical devices mesenchymal stem cells bioengineering osteocyte mesenchymal stem cell

A role for the primary cilium in paracrine signaling between mechanically stimulated osteocytes and mesenchymal stem cells. (2011)

Abstract Bone turnover is a mechanically regulated process, coordinated in part by the network of mechanosensitive osteocytes residing within the tissue. The recruitment and bone forming activity of the mesenchymal derived osteoblast is determined by numerous factors including mechanical loading. It is therefore somewhat surprising that although mechanically regulated signaling between the coordinating osteocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) should exist, to date it has not been directly demonstrated. In this study, conditioned media from mechanically stimulated osteocytes (MLO-Y4 cell line) was collected and added to MSCs (C3H10T1/2 cell line). The addition of mechanically stimulated osteocyte conditioned media resulted in a significant upregulation of the osteogenic genes OPN and COX-2 in MSCs compared to statically cultured conditioned media, demonstrating a novel paracrine signaling mechanism between the two cell types. The same mechanically conditioned media did not alter gene expression in osteoblasts (MC3T3 cell line), and mechanically stimulated osteoblast conditioned media did not alter gene expression in MSCs demonstrating that this signaling is unique to osteocytes and MSCs. Finally, the upregulation in osteogenic genes in MSCs was not observed if primary cilia formation was inhibited prior to mechanical stimulation of the osteocyte. In summary, the results of this study indicate that soluble factors secreted by osteocytes in response to mechanical stimulation can enhance osteogenic gene expression in MSCs demonstrating a novel, unique signaling mechanism and introduces a role for the primary cilium in flow mediated paracrine signaling in bone thereby highlighting the cilium as a potential target for therapeutics aimed at enhancing bone formation.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Daniel Kelly

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Daniel Kelly
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 168