Type

Working Paper

Authors

Cormac Ó Gráda
Morgan Kelly

Subjects

Environment

Topics
shipping ship technology industrial safety industrial revolution sea technological progress iron info eu repo classification jel n0

Technological Dynamism in a Stagnant Sector: Safety at Sea during the Early Industrial Revolution (2017)

Abstract Against the consensus that sailing ship technology was stagnant during the early Industrial Revolution, we find striking improvements in safety at sea. Between 1760 and 1825, the risk of being wrecked for Atlantic shipping fell by one third, and of foundering by two thirds, reflecting improvements in seaworthiness and navigation respectively. Seaworthiness improved through replacing the traditional stepped deck ship with stronger flushed decked ones derived from Indian designs, and the increasing use of iron reinforcement. Improved navigation owed little to precise longitude estimation and stemmed mostly from accurate charts and instruments, and accessible manuals of navigational technique.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Economics Working Papers & Policy Papers
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Social Sciences and Law

Full list of authors on original publication

Cormac Ó Gráda, Morgan Kelly

Experts in our system

1
Cormac Ó Gráda
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 179
 
2
Morgan Kelly
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 29