Type

Conference Proceedings

Authors

M. D. Gilchrist
Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki
Andrew Post
J Michio Clark

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
impact biomechanics hybrid iii headform brain injury traumatic brain injuries university college dublin low risk impacts ice hockey concussion

Determining the relationship between linear and rotational acceleration and MPS for different magnitudes of classified brain injury risk in ice hockey (2015)

Abstract Helmets have successfully decreased the incidence of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in ice hockey, yet the incidence of concussions has essentially remained unchanged. Current ice hockey helmet certification standards use peak linear acceleration as the principal measuring helmet performance, however peak linear acceleration may not be an appropriate variable to evaluate risk at all magnitudes of brain injury. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between linear acceleration, rotational acceleration and maximum principal strain (MPS) for different magnitudes of classified brain injury risk in ice hockey. A helmeted and unhelmeted Hybrid III headform were impacted to the side of the head at two sites and at three velocities under conditions representing three common mechanisms of injury. Resulting linear and rotational accelerations were used as input for the University College Dublin Brain Trauma Model (UCDBTM), to calculate MPS in the brain. The resulting MPS magnitudes were used to separate the data into three groups: low risk; concussion; and TBI. The results demonstrate that the relationship between injury metrics in ice hockey impacts is dependent on the magnitude of classified injury risk and the mechanism of injury.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

M. D. Gilchrist, Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki, Andrew Post, J Michio Clark

Experts in our system

1
M. D. Gilchrist
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 172
 
2
Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 31
 
3
Andrew Post
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 29
 
4
J Michio Clark
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 8