Journal Article


Stefania Boccia
Laura Capranica
Ciaran MacDonncha
Walter Ricciardi
Wolfgang Schlicht
Astrid Steinbrecher
Rhoda Sohun
Holger Schulz
Alessandra Sannella
Angela Polito
and 29 others


Physiotherapy & Sport

physical environmental public health umbrella medicine and health sciences dedipac systematic literature review international public health activity behaviour children schools walking public health pediatrics safety equipment physical examination diet life review systematic determinants neighbourhoods adolescents life course examination children and adolescents physical activity environmental systematic literature reviews life course cross sectional studies literature review roads sports studies

A life course examination of the physical environmental determinants of physical activity behaviour: A "Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity" (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review. (2017)

Abstract Participation in regular physical activity is associated with a multitude of health benefits across the life course. However, many people fail to meet PA recommendations. Despite a plethora of studies, the evidence regarding the environmental (physical) determinants of physical activity remains inconclusive. To identify the physical environmental determinants that influence PA across the life course. An online systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus. The search was limited to studies published in English (January 2004 to April 2016). Only systematic literature reviews (SLRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) of observational studies, that investigated the association between physical determinants and physical activity outcomes, were eligible for inclusion. The extracted data were assessed on the importance of determinants, strength of evidence and methodological quality. The literature search identified 28 SLRs and 3 MAs on 67 physical environmental characteristics potentially related to physical activity that were eligible for inclusion. Among preschool children, a positive association was reported between availability of backyard space and outdoor toys/equipment in the home and overall physical activity. The availability of physical activity programs and equipment within schools, and neighbourhood features such as pedestrian and cyclist safety structure were positively associated with physical activity in children and adolescents. Negative street characteristics, for example, lack of sidewalks and streetlights, were negatively associated with physical activity in adults. Inconsistent associations were reported for the majority of reviewed determinants in adults. This umbrella SLR provided a comprehensive overview of the physical environment determinants of physical activity across the life course and has highlighted, particularly amongst youth, a number of key determinants that may be associated with overall physical activity. Given the limited evidence drawn mostly from cross-sectional studies, longitudinal studies are needed to further explore these associations. PROSPERO CRD42015010616.
Collections Ireland -> Cork Institute of Technology -> Faculty of Business & Humanities
Ireland -> Cork Institute of Technology -> Dept. of Sports, Leisure & Early Childhood Studies Publications
Ireland -> Cork Institute of Technology -> Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies
Ireland -> Cork Institute of Technology -> Faculties and Units
Ireland -> Cork Institute of Technology -> School of Humanities
Ireland -> University of Limerick -> Physical Education and Sports Science
Ireland -> University of Limerick -> Faculty of Education & Health Sciences
Ireland -> University of Limerick -> Departments Education & Health Sciences
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Stefania Boccia, Laura Capranica, Ciaran MacDonncha, Walter Ricciardi, Wolfgang Schlicht, Astrid Steinbrecher, Rhoda Sohun, Holger Schulz, Alessandra Sannella, Angela Polito and 29 others

Experts in our system

Laura Capranica
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 16
Ciaran MacDonncha
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 29
Rhoda Sohun
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 24