Type

Journal Article

Authors

Marylène Cloitre
Chris R. Brewin
Jonathan I. Bisson
Neil Roberts
Danielle Wilson
Erifili Efthymiadou
Philip Hyland
Claire Fyvie
Mark Shevlin
Thanos Karatzias

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
life events evidence based international classification latent class analysis national centre national health service posttraumatic stress disorder childhood trauma

Evidence of distinct profiles of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) based on the new ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). (2016)

Abstract The WHO International Classification of Diseases, 11th version (ICD-11), has proposed two related diagnoses following exposure to traumatic events; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). We set out to explore whether the newly developed ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ) can distinguish between classes of individuals according to the PTSD and CPTSD symptom profiles as per ICD-11 proposals based on latent class analysis. We also hypothesized that the CPTSD class would report more frequent and a greater number of different types of childhood trauma as well as higher levels of functional impairment. Methods Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193). Participants completed the ICD-TQ as well as measures of life events and functioning. Overall, results indicate that using the newly developed ICD-TQ, two subgroups of treatment-seeking individuals could be empirically distinguished based on different patterns of symptom endorsement; a small group high in PTSD symptoms only and a larger group high in CPTSD symptoms. In addition, CPTSD was more strongly associated with more frequent and a greater accumulation of different types of childhood traumatic experiences and poorer functional impairment. Sample predominantly consisted of people who had experienced childhood psychological trauma or been multiply traumatised in childhood and adulthood. CPTSD is highly prevalent in treatment seeking populations who have been multiply traumatised in childhood and adulthood and appropriate interventions should now be developed to aid recovery from this debilitating condition.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Marylène Cloitre, Chris R. Brewin, Jonathan I. Bisson, Neil Roberts, Danielle Wilson, Erifili Efthymiadou, Philip Hyland, Claire Fyvie, Mark Shevlin, Thanos Karatzias

Experts in our system

1
Marylène Cloitre
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 38
 
2
Chris R. Brewin
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 25
 
3
Jonathan I. Bisson
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 29
 
4
Neil Roberts
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 27
 
5
Danielle Wilson
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
6
Erifili Efthymiadou
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
7
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
8
Claire Fyvie
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 11
 
9
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
10
Thanos Karatzias
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 32