Type

Journal Article

Authors

Jamie Murphy
Siobhán Murphy
Philip Hyland
Ask Elklit
Mark Shevlin
Eoin McElroy

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
logistic regression analysis sexual abuse treatment help seeking prevalence victims axis disorders

Prevalence and predictors of Axis I disorders in a large sample of treatment-seeking victims of sexual abuse and incest. (2015)

Abstract Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a common occurrence and a robust, yet non-specific, predictor of adult psychopathology. While many demographic and abuse factors have been shown to impact this relationship, their common and specific effects remain poorly understood. This study sought to assess the prevalence of Axis I disorders in a large sample of help-seeking victims of sexual trauma, and to examine the common and specific effects of demographic and abuse characteristics across these different diagnoses. The participants were attendees at four treatment centres in Denmark that provide psychological therapy for victims of CSA (N=434). Axis I disorders were assessed using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations between CSA characteristics (age of onset, duration, number of abusers, number of abusive acts) and 10 adult clinical syndromes. There was significant variation in the prevalence of disorders and the abuse characteristics were differentially associated with the outcome variables. Having experienced sexual abuse from more than one perpetrator was the strongest predictor of psychopathology. The relationship between CSA and adult psychopathology is complex. Abuse characteristics have both unique and shared effects across different diagnoses.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Jamie Murphy, Siobhán Murphy, Philip Hyland, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Eoin McElroy

Experts in our system

1
Jamie Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 43
 
2
Siobhán Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 15
 
3
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
4
Ask Elklit
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
5
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
6
Eoin McElroy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 10