Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ask Elklit
Maj Hansen
Jamie Murphy
Sinéad McNally
Mark Shevlin
Philip Hyland

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
adult survivors of child abuse international classification of diseases female anxiety disorders psychology stress disorders post traumatic mental disorders diagnostic and statistical manual male denmark aged young adult middle aged adult models psychological humans self report adolescent

Exploring differences between the ICD-11 and DSM-5 models of PTSD: Does it matter which model is used? (2015)

Abstract Alternative symptom profiles for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are presented in the DSM-5 and ICD-11. This study compared DSM-5 PTSD symptom profiles with ICD-11 PTSD symptom profiles among a large group of trauma-exposed individuals from Denmark. Covariates, and rates of co-occurrence with other psychiatric disorders were also investigated. A sample of treatment-seeking adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (n=434) were assessed using self-report measures of PTSD and other psychiatric disorders. A significantly larger proportion of individuals met caseness for DSM-5 PTSD (60.0%) compared to ICD-11 PTSD (49.1%). This difference was largely attributable to low endorsement of the ICD-11 re-experiencing criteria. Replacement of the 'recurrent nightmares' symptom with the 'recurrent thoughts/memories' symptom seemed to balance the proportion of individuals meeting caseness for both taxonomies. Levels of co-occurrence with anxiety and thought disorder were higher for the DSM-5 model of PTSD compared to the ICD-11 model. Current results merit careful consideration in the selection of symptom indicators for the new ICD model of PTSD, particularly with respect to the re-experiencing symptom category.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Ask Elklit, Maj Hansen, Jamie Murphy, Sinéad McNally, Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland

Experts in our system

1
Ask Elklit
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
2
Maj Hansen
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 21
 
3
Jamie Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 43
 
4
Sinéad McNally
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 39
 
5
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
6
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231