Type

Journal Article

Authors

Chantal Depondt
Sanjay M Sisodiya
Federico Zara
Pasquale Striano
Graeme J Sills
Josemir W Sander
Anthony G Marson
Holger Lerche
Wolfram S Kunz
Bobby P C Koeleman
and 15 others

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
hippocampal drugs comparative comparative studies effectiveness epilepsy temporal lobe sclerosis patients

Comparative effectiveness of antiepileptic drugs in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis. (2017)

Abstract Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) is a common epilepsy syndrome that is often poorly controlled by antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment. Comparative AED effectiveness studies in this condition are lacking. We report retention, efficacy, and tolerability in a cohort of patients with MTLE-HS. Clinical data were collected from a European database of patients with epilepsy. We estimated retention, 12-month seizure freedom, and adverse drug reaction (ADR) rates for the 10 most commonly used AEDs in patients with MTLE-HS. Seven hundred sixty-seven patients with a total of 3,249 AED trials were included. The highest 12-month retention rates were observed with carbamazepine (85.9%), valproate (85%), and clobazam (79%). Twelve-month seizure freedom rates varied from 1.2% for gabapentin and vigabatrin to 11% for carbamazepine. Response rates were highest for AEDs that were prescribed as initial treatment and lowest for AEDs that were used in a third or higher instance. ADRs were reported in 47.6% of patients, with the highest rates observed with oxcarbazepine (35.7%), topiramate (30.9%), and pregabalin (27.4%), and the lowest rates with clobazam (6.5%), gabapentin (8.9%), and lamotrigine (16.6%). The most commonly reported ADRs were lethargy and drowsiness, dizziness, vertigo and ataxia, and blurred vision and diplopia. Our results did not demonstrate any clear advantage of newer versus older AEDs. Our results provide useful insights into AED retention, efficacy, and ADR rates in patients with MTLE-HS.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Chantal Depondt, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Federico Zara, Pasquale Striano, Graeme J Sills, Josemir W Sander, Anthony G Marson, Holger Lerche, Wolfram S Kunz, Bobby P C Koeleman and 15 others

Experts in our system

1
Sanjay M Sisodiya
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 13