Type

Journal Article

Authors

Noel G McElvaney
Cedric Gunaratnam
Imran J Meurling
Borislav D Dimitrov
Cormac McCarthy

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
prognosis lung function novel the cystic fibrosis lung transplantation patients clinical prediction

The CF-ABLE score: a novel clinical prediction rule for prognosis in patients with cystic fibrosis. (2012)

Abstract Determining prognosis and predicting outcomes in cystic fibrosis (CF) is a complex issue, and there have been very few clinically applicable models for this. The aim was to create a simple, practical outcome prediction tool for CF. Forty-nine consecutive patients with CF from a single center were studied over an 84-month period (2004-2010). All baseline clinical parameters were gathered, and FEV₁ measurements were analyzed over the study period. Using patterns of FEV₁ decline, a tipping point of 52.8% predicted was identified. Other clinical variables were analyzed and correlated with outcome. Poor outcome was defined as death or transplantation. Using age, BMI, lung function (ie, FEV₁), and number of exacerbations in the past 3 months, the CF-ABLE score was created. The score was validated for data from 370 patients from the national Cystic Fibrosis Registry of Ireland. The ABLE score uses clinical parameters that are measured at every clinic visit and scored on a scale from 0 to 7. If FEV₁ is < 52%, then 3.5 points are added; if the number of exacerbations in the past 3 months is > 1, then 1.5 points are added; if BMI is < 20.1 kg/m² or age < 24 years, each receive 1 point. Patients with a low score have a very low risk of death or lung transplantation within 4 years; however, as the score increases, the risk significantly increases. Patients who score > 5 points have a 26% risk of poor outcome within 4 years. This score is simple and applicable and better predicts outcome than FEV₁ alone.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Noel G McElvaney, Cedric Gunaratnam, Imran J Meurling, Borislav D Dimitrov, Cormac McCarthy

Experts in our system

1
Noel G McElvaney
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 194
 
2
Cedric Gunaratnam
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 18
 
3
Cormac McCarthy
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 19