Journal Article


L Boyle
J Marchewka
A Hanlon
S J More


Medicine & Nursing

private sector standards animals quality assurance health care quality assurance standards animal welfare program evaluation

Private animal health and welfare standards in quality assurance programmes: a review and proposed framework for critical evaluation. (2017)

Abstract In recent years, 'private standards' in animal health and welfare have become increasingly common, and are often incorporated into quality assurance (QA) programmes. Here, we present an overview of the use of private animal health and welfare standards in QA programmes, and propose a generic framework to facilitate critical programme review. Private standards are being developed in direct response to consumer demand for QA, and offer an opportunity for product differentiation and a means to drive consumer choice. Nonetheless, a range of concerns have been raised, relating to the credibility of these standards, their potential as a discriminatory barrier to trade, the multiplicity of private standards that have been developed, the lack of consumer input and compliance costs. There is a need for greater scrutiny of private standards and of associated QA programmes. We propose a framework to clarify the primary programme goal(s) and measureable outputs relevant to animal health and welfare, the primary programme beneficiaries and to determine whether the programme is effective, efficient and transparent. This paper provides a theoretical overview, noting that this framework could be used as a tool directly for programme evaluation, or as a tool to assist with programme development and review.
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Full list of authors on original publication

L Boyle, J Marchewka, A Hanlon, S J More

Experts in our system

Laura Boyle
Total Publications: 56
Alison Hanlon
Total Publications: 41
S J More
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 213