Type

Journal Article

Authors

Patrick Lonergan
Kieran G Meade
Seán Fair
Alan K Kelly
Cliona O'Farrelly
Fernando Narciandi
Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
specific agents epididymis cattle expression sperm motility proteins phospholipase c

Cauda Epididymis-Specific Beta-Defensin 126 Promotes Sperm Motility but Not Fertilizing Ability in Cattle. (2016)

Abstract Bovine beta-defensin 126 (BBD126) exhibits preferential expression for the cauda epididymis of males, where it is absorbed onto the tail and postacrosomal region of the sperm. The aim of this study was to examine the role of BBD126 in bull sperm function. Fresh and frozen-thawed semen were incubated in the presence of different capacitating agents as well as with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. These treatments, which have been successful in releasing beta-defensin 126 from macaque sperm, proved to be ineffective in bull sperm. This finding suggests that the protein behaves in a different manner in the bovine. The lack of success in removing BBD126 led us to use corpus epididymis sperm, a model in which the protein is not present, to study its functional role. Corpus sperm were incubated with cauda epididymal fluid (CEF) in the absence or presence of BBD126 antibody or with recombinant BBD126 (rBBD126). Confocal microscopy revealed that rBBD126 binds to corpus sperm with the same pattern observed for BBD126 in cauda sperm, whereas an aberrant binding pattern is observed when sperm are subject to CEF incubation. Addition of CEF increased motility as well as the number of corpus sperm migrating through cervical mucus from estrus cows. However, it decreased the ability of sperm to fertilize in vitro matured oocytes. The presence of the antibody failed to abrogate these effects. Furthermore, when rBBD126 was added in the absence of other factors and proteins from the CEF, an increase in motility was also observed and no negative effects in fertility were seen. These results suggest that BBD126 plays a key role in the acquisition of sperm motility in the epididymis.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Patrick Lonergan, Kieran G Meade, Seán Fair, Alan K Kelly, Cliona O'Farrelly, Fernando Narciandi, Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes

Experts in our system

1
P. Lonergan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 190
 
2
Kieran G Meade
Teagasc
Total Publications: 50
 
3
Seán Fair
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 54
 
4
Alan K Kelly
Teagasc
Total Publications: 83
 
5
Cliona O'Farrelly
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 138
 
6
Fernando Narciandi
Teagasc
Total Publications: 11
 
7
Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 8