Type

Journal Article

Authors

Gunter Schumann
Edward D Barker
Eva Loth
Francesca Happé
Jan K Buitelaar
Jeffrey C Glennon
Robert Whelan
Henrik Walter
Nora C Vetter
Michael N Smolka
and 24 others

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
complications diagnosis stress psychological psychology parietal lobe attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity physiopathology brain social environment male facial expression neural pathways humans physiology amygdala emotions conduct disorder adolescent magnetic resonance imaging pattern recognition visual female

Psychosocial Stress and Brain Function in Adolescent Psychopathology. (2017)

Abstract The authors sought to explore how conduct, hyperactivity/inattention, and emotional symptoms are associated with neural reactivity to social-emotional stimuli, and the extent to which psychosocial stress modulates these relationships. Participants were community adolescents recruited as part of the European IMAGEN study. Bilateral amygdala regions of interest were used to assess the relationship between the three symptom domains and functional MRI neural reactivity during passive viewing of dynamic angry and neutral facial expressions. Exploratory functional connectivity and whole brain multiple regression approaches were used to analyze how the symptoms and psychosocial stress relate to other brain regions. In response to the social-emotional stimuli, adolescents with high levels of conduct or hyperactivity/inattention symptoms who had also experienced a greater number of stressful life events showed hyperactivity of the amygdala and several regions across the brain. This effect was not observed with emotional symptoms. A cluster in the midcingulate was found to be common to both conduct problems and hyperactivity symptoms. Exploratory functional connectivity analyses suggested that amygdala-precuneus connectivity is associated with hyperactivity/inattention symptoms. The results link hyperactive amygdala responses and regions critical for top-down emotional processing with high levels of psychosocial stress in individuals with greater conduct and hyperactivity/inattention symptoms. This work highlights the importance of studying how psychosocial stress affects functional brain responses to social-emotional stimuli, particularly in adolescents with externalizing symptoms.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Gunter Schumann, Edward D Barker, Eva Loth, Francesca Happé, Jan K Buitelaar, Jeffrey C Glennon, Robert Whelan, Henrik Walter, Nora C Vetter, Michael N Smolka and 24 others

Experts in our system

1
Gunter Schumann
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 55
 
2
Jan Buitelaar
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 12
 
3
Robert Whelan
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 58
 
4
Michael N Smolka
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 56