Ternary cobalt nickel sulfide as a novel and efficient electrode material in supercapacitors has recently gained extensive interests. Herein, we first report a highly conductive caterpillar-like NiCo2S4, composed of NiCo2S4 nanosheet core and nanowire shell grown on Ni foam via a facile and cost-effective chemical liquid process. Growth mechanism of the NiCo2S4 nanosheets@nanowires (NSNWs) structure was also investigated in detail by analyzing time-dependent experimental as well as the amount of additive ammonium fluoride in solution. Furthermore, the electrochemical measurements were performed among three different morphologies of NiCo2S4 including nanosheets, nanosheets@nanoparticles, and NSNWs structure, which were obtained from different reaction stages. Because the NSNWs structure has relatively high electroactive surface area, conductivity, and effective electron transport pathways, the as-prepared NiCo2S4 NSNWs structure comparing with two other morphologies exhibits the maximum specific capacity of 1777 F/g at 1 A/g and the highest capacitance retention (83% after 3000 cycles) at a high scan rate of 10 A/g with a mass loading density of 4.0 mg/cm(2). These results indicate that the NiCo2S4 NSNWs structure has great potential in supercapacitors.
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