Journal Article


Daniel G Bradley
Ron Pinhasi
Andrea Manica
Philip R Nigst
Emma Lightfoot
Vyacheslav Moiseyev
Gunita Zarina
Eppie R Jones



cultural change farmers neolithic people european dna social change central europe

The Neolithic Transition in the Baltic Was Not Driven by Admixture with Early European Farmers. (2016)

Abstract The Neolithic transition was a dynamic time in European prehistory of cultural, social, and technological change. Although this period has been well explored in central Europe using ancient nuclear DNA [1, 2], its genetic impact on northern and eastern parts of this continent has not been as extensively studied. To broaden our understanding of the Neolithic transition across Europe, we analyzed eight ancient genomes: six samples (four to ∼1- to 4-fold coverage) from a 3,500 year temporal transect (∼8,300-4,800 calibrated years before present) through the Baltic region dating from the Mesolithic to the Late Neolithic and two samples spanning the Mesolithic-Neolithic boundary from the Dnieper Rapids region of Ukraine. We find evidence that some hunter-gatherer ancestry persisted across the Neolithic transition in both regions. However, we also find signals consistent with influxes of non-local people, most likely from northern Eurasia and the Pontic Steppe. During the Late Neolithic, this Steppe-related impact coincides with the proposed emergence of Indo-European languages in the Baltic region [3, 4]. These influences are distinct from the early farmer admixture that transformed the genetic landscape of central Europe, suggesting that changes associated with the Neolithic package in the Baltic were not driven by the same Anatolian-sourced genetic exchange.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Daniel G Bradley, Ron Pinhasi, Andrea Manica, Philip R Nigst, Emma Lightfoot, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Gunita Zarina, Eppie R Jones

Experts in our system

Daniel Bradley
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 84
Ron Pinhasi
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 47
Andrea Manica
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 5
Eppie R Jones
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 7