Journal Article


Allison McGee
James Cashman
Marie Galligan
Eoin Kavanagh
Peter MacMahon
Louise Rainford
Osamah M Abdulaal


Physiotherapy & Sport

pathology sequences mri acquisition knee joint knee sensitivity and specificity articular

3T MRI of the knee with optimised isotropic 3D sequences: Accurate delineation of intra-articular pathology without prolonged acquisition times. (2016)

Abstract To investigate optimised isotropic 3D turbo spin echo (TSE) and gradient echo (GRE)-based pulse sequences for visualisation of articular cartilage lesions within the knee joint. Optimisation of experimental imaging sequences was completed using healthy volunteers (n=16) with a 3-Tesla (3T) MRI scanner. Imaging of patients with knee cartilage abnormalities (n=57) was then performed. Acquired sequences included 3D proton density-weighted (PDW) TSE (SPACE) with and without fat-suppression (FS), and T2*W GRE (TrueFISP) sequences, with acquisition times of 6:51, 6:32 and 5:35 min, respectively. One hundred sixty-one confirmed cartilage lesions were detected and categorised (Grade II n=90, Grade III n=71). The highest sensitivity and specificity for detecting cartilage lesions were obtained with TrueFISP with values of 84.7% and 92%, respectively. Cartilage SNR mean for PDW SPACE-FS was the highest at 72.2. TrueFISP attained the highest CNR means for joint fluid/cartilage (101.5) and joint fluid/ligament (156.5), and the lowest CNR for cartilage/meniscus (48.5). Significant differences were identified across the three sequences for all anatomical structures with respect to SNR and CNR findings (p-value <0.05). Isotropic TrueFISP at 3T, optimised for acquisition time, accurately detects cartilage defects, although it demonstrated the lowest contrast between cartilage and meniscus. • Cartilage is better visualised with 3D TrueFISP than 3D SPACE sequences. • 3D TrueFISP is a reliable sequence for detecting low- and high-grade cartilage defects. • 3D TrueFISP at 3T provides excellent contrast between cartilage and joint fluid.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Allison McGee, James Cashman, Marie Galligan, Eoin Kavanagh, Peter MacMahon, Louise Rainford, Osamah M Abdulaal

Experts in our system

Eoin Kavanagh
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 17
L A Rainford
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 35