Journal Article


Fionnuala McAuliffe
Eileen Gibney
Eilis Hennessy
Mary Horan
Karen Lindsay
Aoife McNamara
Ricardo Segurado
Goiuri Alberdi
Helena Scully


Medicine & Nursing

prospective study part time child care physical activity infant feeding practices first years health promotion childhood obesity

Child Care Exposure Influences Childhood Adiposity at 2 Years: Analysis from the ROLO Study. (2016)

Abstract The first 2 years of life are instrumental for childhood physical development. Factors contributing to childhood obesity are difficult to determine; child care exposure is one to consider, by influencing food preference and physical activity development. To investigate the association of child care exposure with adiposity at 2 years. Data were collected as part of the secondary analysis of the prospective ROLO study (randomized control trial of low glycemic index diet) in Dublin, Ireland. Mothers were recruited antenatally and followed up at 2 years postpartum. Maternal and childhood anthropometric data and lifestyle questionnaires, reporting on child care attendance (defined as nonparental care), exposure (weeks), and infant-feeding practices, were collected. Anthropometric measures and lifestyle data were collected for 273 mothers and children aged 2 years, 52.7% of whom attended child care. Child care was predominately provided by a nonrelative (83.7%), either in a crèche (57%) or by a childminder (26.7%). More than half (56.2%) of the children attended child care part-time (≤30 hours/week). Central adiposity measures (abdominal circumference, waist:height ratio) and total adiposity (sum of all skin folds) were significantly elevated in children with increasing time in child care. Children provided with "meals and snacks" had elevated adiposity measures versus those given "snacks or no food." No difference in the infant-feeding practices was identified between the child care groups. Children attending child care have higher total and central adiposity, proportional to exposure. More research is required to investigate this link to appropriately design health promotion and obesity prevention programs targeting children at 2 years.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Fionnuala McAuliffe, Eileen Gibney, Eilis Hennessy, Mary Horan, Karen Lindsay, Aoife McNamara, Ricardo Segurado, Goiuri Alberdi, Helena Scully

Experts in our system

Fionnuala M McAuliffe
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 176
Eileen R Gibney
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 98
Eilis Hennessy
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 45
Mary K Horan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 11
Karen L Lindsay
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 19
Aoife E McNamara
University College Dublin
Ricardo Segurado
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 64
Goiuri Alberdi
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 9
Helena A. Scully
University College Dublin