Type

Journal Article

Authors

Patrick Lonergan
Marcelo Marcondes Seneda
Fabio Morotti
Eduardo Muniz de Lima
Habner Bastos Amorin
Alan K Kelly
Niamh Forde
Michael McDonald
Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes
Federico Randi

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
human device tool cattle asynchronous age pregnancy rate embryo transfer

Asynchronous embryo transfer as a tool to understand embryo-uterine interaction in cattle: is a large conceptus a good thing? (2015)

Abstract The aim was to examine the effect of embryo-uterine synchrony on conceptus elongation and pregnancy rate in cattle. In Study 1, crossbred beef heifers each received 10 Day-7 in vitro-produced blastocysts on either Day 5, 7 or 9 after oestrus. A proportion of Day 5 recipients were supplemented with progesterone, via a progesterone-releasing intravaginal device from Days 3-5 plus either 750IU equine chorionic gonadotrophin or 3000IU human chorionic gonadotrophin on Day 3. At embryo age Day 14, all heifers were slaughtered and the uterus was flushed. Fewer recipients yielded conceptuses (P<0.05) and fewer conceptuses were recovered (P<0.05) following transfer on Day 5 compared with Day 7 or 9. Supplementation with progesterone resulted in short cycles in approximately 50% of recipients. Mean conceptus length was greater (P<0.05) following transfer to an advanced uterus. In Study 2, overall pregnancy rate following the fresh transfer of a single in vitro-produced blastocyst was 43.5% (2065/4749). Transfer of a Day 7 embryo to a synchronous Day-7 uterus resulted in a pregnancy rate of 47.3%. Transfer to a Day-5 (40.8%) or a Day-8 (41.3%) uterus moderately impacted pregnancy rate (P<0.01) while transfer to a uterus 2 days in advance (Day-9, 24.4%) or 3 days behind (Day-4, 27.0%) reduced (P<0.001) pregnancy rate compared with synchronous transfers. In conclusion, transfer of an embryo into an advanced uterus results in an acceleration of conceptus development, but does not result in greater pregnancy rates.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Patrick Lonergan, Marcelo Marcondes Seneda, Fabio Morotti, Eduardo Muniz de Lima, Habner Bastos Amorin, Alan K Kelly, Niamh Forde, Michael McDonald, Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes, Federico Randi

Experts in our system

1
P. Lonergan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 190
 
2
Alan K Kelly
Teagasc
Total Publications: 83
 
3
N Forde
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 53
 
4
Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 8
 
5
F Randi
Teagasc
Total Publications: 6