Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ask Elklit
David Murphy
Frédérique Vallières
Steven Carey
Mark Shevlin
Jamie Murphy
Philip Hyland

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
sexual abuse psychology general life events childhood structural equation modelling clinical self report

Correlates of a General Psychopathology Factor within a Clinical Sample of Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors (2018)

Abstract Background Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) increases risk for most psychiatric disorders. There is evidence that the structure of psychopathology can be explained by a number of latent dimensions of psychopathology including a ‘General Psychopathology’ (P) factor. The objective of the current study was to provide the first assessment as to whether P is identifiable, and what its correlates might be in a clinical sample. Methods An adult, clinical sample of Danish CSA survivors (N = 420) was assessed using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III. Confirmatory factory analysis (CFA) was used to assess the latent structure of nine psychiatric disorders, and structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to determine correlates of the best-fitting dimensional model. Results CFA results favoured a bifactor model including three specific dimensions of psychopathology, “Internalizing”, “Externalizing”, and “Thought Disorder”, and a bi-factor “P”. A SEM model that included ten predictors was a good fit to the data and explained 55% of variance in ‘P’. The ‘P’ factor was significantly associated with emotional coping, negative self-worth, traumatic life events, and anxious attachments. Limitations Psychiatric disorders were assessed using self-report measures, and the sample was predominately female. Conclusions Results provide initial evidence of P in a clinical sample and several unique correlates of this factor were identified.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = In Press

Full list of authors on original publication

Ask Elklit, David Murphy, Frédérique Vallières, Steven Carey, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland

Experts in our system

1
Ask Elklit
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
2
David Murphy
University College Cork
Total Publications: 11
 
3
Frédérique Vallières
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
4
Steven Carey
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 10
 
5
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
6
Jamie Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 43
 
7
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231