Type

Journal Article

Authors

Bayard Roberts
Marina Shpiker
Kharchenk N. Javakhishvili
Nino Makhashvili
Jonathan I. Bisson
Frédérique Vallières
Philip Hyland
Mark Shevlin

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
prevalence prevalence rates post traumatic stress disorder mental health world health organization anxiety disorder psychology stress psychology

A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey (2018)

Abstract Objective Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the World Health Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disability associated with each diagnosis. Method This study was based on a representative sample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2203). Post-traumatic stress disorder prevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the International Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire-Depression. Disability was measured using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Results The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4%) was significantly higher than ICD-11 PTSD (21.0%), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using both criteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability and comorbidity. Conclusion The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited to identifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology)

Full list of authors on original publication

Bayard Roberts, Marina Shpiker, Kharchenk N. Javakhishvili, Nino Makhashvili, Jonathan I. Bisson, Frédérique Vallières, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin

Experts in our system

1
Bayard Roberts
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
2
Marina Shpiker
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
3
Nino Makhashvili
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
4
Jonathan I. Bisson
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 29
 
5
Frédérique Vallières
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
6
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
7
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125