Type

Journal Article

Authors

Frank Kee
Andrew Steptoe
Brian A. Lawlor
Rose Ann Kenny
Joanna E. McHugh Power

Subjects

Sociology

Topics
irish studies social isolation longitudinal studies cognitive psychology irish english welfare of older people older adults social studies

The discrepancy between social isolation and loneliness as a clinically meaningful metric: findings from the Irish and English longitudinal studies of ageing (TILDA and ELSA) (2017)

Abstract Objective Scant evidence is available on the discordance between loneliness and social isolation among older adults. We aimed to investigate this discordance and any health implications that it may have. Method Using nationally representative datasets from ageing cohorts in Ireland (TILDA) and England (ELSA), we created a metric of discordance between loneliness and social isolation, to which we refer as Social Asymmetry. This metric was the categorised difference between standardised scores on a scale of loneliness and a scale of social isolation, giving categories of: Concordantly Lonely and Isolated, Discordant: Robust to Loneliness, or Discordant: Susceptible to Loneliness. We used regression and multilevel modelling to identify potential relationships between Social Asymmetry and cognitive outcomes. Results Social Asymmetry predicted cognitive outcomes cross-sectionally and at a two-year follow-up, such that Discordant: Robust to Loneliness individuals were superior performers, but we failed to find evidence for Social Asymmetry as a predictor of cognitive trajectory over time. Conclusions We present a new metric and preliminary evidence of a relationship with clinical outcomes. Further research validating this metric in different populations, and evaluating its relationship with other outcomes, is warranted.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognitive psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology

Full list of authors on original publication

Frank Kee, Andrew Steptoe, Brian A. Lawlor, Rose Ann Kenny, Joanna E. McHugh Power

Experts in our system

1
Frank Kee
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 25
 
2
Andrew Steptoe
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 7
 
3
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
4
Rose Anne Kenny
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 252
 
5
Joanna E. McHugh Power
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 32