humans female male adult ireland middle aged aged diagnosis surgery etiology risk factors therapy epidemiology medicine and health sciences complications pathology patients adverse effects psychology pregnancy prevention & control adolescent aged, 80 and over physiopathology statistics & numerical data physiology treatment outcome prospective studies therapeutic use this review questionnaires blood organization & administration young adult standards systematic review follow up cancer treatment drug therapy breast cancer retrospective studies child mortality administration & dosage metabolism time factors nursing public health risk assessment animals clinical practice prevalence blood pressure Follow-Up Studies primary care education health care management cross-sectional studies Odds Ratio quality of life attitude of health personnel cohort studies radiography chronic disease meta-analysis body mass index prognosis cohort study health knowledge, attitudes, practice instrumentation incidence infant, newborn prostate cancer